Studies show that women who consume the recommended amount of this vitamin before conception and during the first three months of pregnancy can reduce the risk of having a baby with birth defects in the brain and spinal cord.
The most common defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. The spina bifida is one of the main causes of childhood disabilities. The anencephaly consists of a serious underdevelopment skull and brain in the newborn. The studies also suggest that folic acid can help prevent some other birth defects, such as the cleft lip and cleft palate.
We also know that folic acid plays a key role in the process of the cell multiplication; therefore it is highly necessary during pregnancy. In a study found that women who lacked folic acid were more likely to give birth to a premature infant and low birth weight. (more…)